Burnley Graduate Profile No. 7 June 2021: Jason Summers
Years at Burnley: 1991 – 1995 As student, 1996 as Arb and Landscape technician
Course studied: Bachelor of Applied Science in Horticulture
Favourite subject: Arboriculture
Favourite plant: Quercus canariensis
I decided to go to Burnley because: I wanted to know more about plants and how we can use them to improve our lives.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have: studied further, doing a Graduate Diploma in Forest Science, and then upgraded that to a Masters in Forest Science by research. I was looking at ways to propagate Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood) asexually, to clone choice trees for their timber characteristics. This could take pressure off native forest harvesting if we could grow them in agroforestry or plantations.
I then started my local government career as a Conservation Officer at Brimbank City Council for five years, working with the community to manage over 700 hectares of native vegetation. I then moved to Hume City Council as the Open Space Coordinator, managing trees and bushland areas. I also acted as the Sustainable Environment Department manager for 18 months and then became the Parks Manager, where I stayed for over 10 years.
I represented the Council on the Parks & Leisure Australia Vic/Tas board for eight years, and the Greening the West committee since its inception. I also had a five year stint on the World Urban Parks Academy Board, creating a Certified international parks professional accreditation program around the world. I have also been on Course advisory committees as a student during the VCAH transition to Melbourne University, and more recently for the Associate Degree in Horticulture as an industry leader in local government.
I have assisted in the development of various strategies, one of the most interesting of which was the Living Melbourne Strategy, a Metropolitan-wide Urban Forest strategy developed by Resilient Melbourne and industry.
I was often invited to speak to TAFE and University students about the challenges of managing public open space in a growth Council like Hume. I also presented at State and National Parks and Leisure conferences on many different topics, and at the Treenet symposium. I was awarded the Greg Maddock Memorial scholarship to attend the ISA (International Society of Arboriculture) World Congress in Toronto in Canada. I turned the trip into an intensive three week study tour of Toronto, Chicago, Washington D.C. Baltimore and New York. I visited Botanic Gardens, Arboreta and Parks departments, and learnt a lot about how things are done in America. Some of the ideas I was lucky enough to implement in Australia. Examples include using structural soil trenches with permeable pavements and passive irrigation to grow healthy trees in high pedestrian areas with great success.
At Hume City Council tree planting was a large part of what we set out to do, and every year for over 16 years we planted over 5000 trees in streets and parks to help change the look of a whole city. I also got to try out many different horticultural treatments, such as direct seeding of roadside batters with indigenous grasses, and creating cool parks with irrigated turf and shade trees to create cool spaces to retreat to on a hot day.
I have been lucky enough to be involved in some amazing projects over the 23 years in local government, including involvement in a lot of trials with various universities over the journey, such as trialing many new tree species for a future climate, Bio Char, “Woody Meadows” and weed control trials, to name a few.
I have recently resigned from Council and started a contracting and consulting firm called Remarkable Trees. I hope to plant many more trees in many places and share some of my learning in the industry by having apprentices and trainees working in my business and consulting to various projects and different industries that need sound horticultural advice.
You can read more at Jason’s website, including how to contact him www.remarkabletrees.com
Burnley Graduate Profile No. 6 May 2021: Kate Blood
Years at Burnley: My 3.5 years at Burnley began in 1984 and I graduated in March 1988.
Course studied: My first year was spent studying the Diploma of Horticulture that luckily coincided with the time the Bachelor of Applied Science was being introduced. So in second year I switched to the B. App. Sc. (Horticulture) that included a bridging 6 months, hence the 3.5 years.
Favourite subject: Any subject that involved Greg Moore, James Hitchmough, ecology, plant identification and design. I still have my sketch books with disappearing avenues of lolly-pop shaped trees.
Favourite plant: There are so many…. In recent years I have found a deeper appreciation of eucalypts where I live, and the blue pops of colour of Brunonia australis in our grassland on the farm are still a delight in spring, even after 20 years of living here at Beaufort in western Victoria. Working in the weed area, I also have an appreciation of the tenacity of plants like freesias, Opuntioid cacti and Agapanthus species. Don’t tell anyone. I actually like agapanthus!
I decided to go to Burnley because: I didn’t get the marks to get into vet science. I had wanted to be a vet like my Dad (apart from the years to age 10 when I apparently wanted to be a florist). One of my sisters suggested horticulture (thanks Jude) as I liked gardening and had a strong interest in nature. Both run strong in my family including generations before. In hindsight, I am very grateful that I did horticulture instead. A much better fit for me.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have: immersed myself largely in weeds, professionally. Yes, weeds! Not the smoking kind. The kind that spread into natural areas, many of them escaped garden plants.
My Mum introduced me to bird watching and wildflowers from an early age. Growing up at Werribee in western Melbourne, we spent many hours at the You Yangs and down in the coastal forests around Anglesea. I learnt about environmental weeds including Boneseed and spent many hours hand pulling them. This fuelled my interest which grew at Burnley and I ended up studying the flora of the You Yangs including its many weeds for my final Burnley project.
I had wanted to become a national park ranger after Burnley, and quickly found that horticulture was not seen as a suitable qualification at the time. Luckily that attitude quickly changed and I started with the Victorian Government in mid 1988 growing thistles in quarantine glasshouses on which to raise and test biological control agents from overseas. I have had an affection for weevils ever since.
I have been with the environment department for 34 years. Early roles were park, conservation and recreation planning, and since 1994 solely on weeds. Those early years allowed me to work in different areas of the State including Frankston, Bendigo, Yarram, Leongatha, Ballarat and Melbourne. I moved to Beaufort near Ballarat with my husband, Rob Pelletier, in 2001.
My weed focus since 2002 has been on early invader weeds, those weeds that are at their early stage of invasion that could become a future blackberry or Boneseed. It’s work I really enjoy and I get to use my creativeness in my role as an enabler and educator. I write publications, teach people all over Victoria, and engage through social and other media raising awareness about these plants that have serious imp
acts on the environment. I have toyed with the idea of doing a PhD and the stars have not (yet) aligned.
Horticulture has been a big part of my life influencing where and how I live and work. We grow some of our food on the farm including many old heirloom fruits. My craft revolves around plants through eco printing fabrics and dyeing yarns with plants from where I live. I have a big interest in photography for work and personally and you can see what I get up-to on my personal social media profiles @bloodyk8 and professionally at @weedyk8. I am very grateful that I studied horticulture and wish it was valued more highly as a qualification.
PS. Kate also mentioned that she is a member of the Weed Society of Victoria, the Horticultural Media Association Australia, and of course, the Friends of Burnley Gardens
Burnley Graduate Profile No. 5 April 2021: Helen Melville
Years at Burnley:
2 (2002 – 2003)
Advanced Diploma in Horticulture
Hard to pick a favourite but I think Plant Identification with Jill Kellow. I have so many fond memories during this time. Walking around the gardens and learning about each plant, taking photos and samples (I don’t think we were meant to collect samples!!) In our final year we worked in small groups and studied a particular genus. Our group studied Eremophilas. As we spent time together wandering around Victoria speaking to collectors and sharing our passions, we formed a long-lasting friendship. To this day we are still great friends and are still wandering around together sharing our passions.
Gardenia thunbergia. I clearly remember seeing this for the first time at Burnley. As I turned a corner, this spectacular beauty with its intoxicating fragrance took my breath away. I did plant it in my garden many years ago but moved to a new house and didn’t get to see it in its glory. It’s extremely slow growing but worth the wait if you don’t move to a new house!
I decided to go to Burnley because:
It was the BEST place to learn horticulture! I went to Burnley as a mature aged student after working in Marketing. Although it was a great job, I disliked being stuck inside the office in front of a computer most of the day. My family were farmers and gardeners. Although it’s in my blood, I didn’t think about doing it professionally until I had one of those ‘light bulb moments’. Not long after hiking around Italy and immersing myself in the outdoor life, I came back to work and spoke to someone from the Landscape Industry Association who had just completed a course at Burnley and bingo … it was at that moment that was what I needed to do. Within weeks it was the Burnley Open Day and from then on everything fell into place.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have:
Worked for a gardening business for 12 months before starting my own business. Working for someone else straight after graduating was worth its weight in gold. It was an education and I felt it fast tracked me into running a successful business and learning very quickly the pros and cons of running a business in the gardening world.
My business is predominantly maintenance, but I also do garden design, consulting and mentoring. I have worked in Melbourne, the Bellarine Peninsula and now on the Mornington Peninsula. While on the Bellarine Peninsula, I completed a Cert IV in Training and Assessment which enabled me to do some teaching. I am passionate about using my skills to connect people to their gardens for healing. I do this in a very informal and intuitive way.
Almost 20 years later, I still LOVE doing what I do.
Burnley Graduate Profile No. 4 March 2021: Dr Liz Denman
Years at Burnley:
Nearly 10 years as a student. 1996-1998 and much of the 2000s. Since finishing my PhD I have returned as a guest lecturer and subject co-ordinator of Tree Identification and Selection for several years.
Course(s) studied: Bachelor of Applied Science (Horticulture); Honours; PhD
Soil science, although it is difficult to choose one subject. We were fortunate to have many great lecturers. I enjoyed the elements of chemistry, physics and biology. Also, I appreciated that understanding the nature of soil was important for plant establishment and selection. I am keen to better understand more about our local geology and how this influences plant distribution.
Eucalyptus melliodora. Eucalyptus rubida is also a favourite with its white and reddish bark.
I decided to go to Burnley because:
From a young age I decided I wanted to study horticulture. A love of plants and gardening developed from time spent with grandparents and great aunts who were passionate gardeners. They allowed me to take cuttings and seeds from their garden each time I visited.
Burnley was a highly respected horticultural institution.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have:
Worked in private, government and education sectors of horticulture, mostly in the fields of arboriculture, landscape design and management. I enjoy interdisciplinary work having collaborated with landscape architects for much of my career, and more recently with engineers and ecologists.
My first job was with Australian Landscape Management, a consultancy firm that emerged after council amalgamations and the introduction of compulsory competitive tendering by local government. Throughout my time there I was fortunate to work with many talented horticulturalists and landscape architects producing designs for new public landscapes and landscape management and maintenance reports for existing projects.
During my PhD I explored the use of street trees in stormwater biofiltration pits, focusing specifically on, the effect different species and soil types have on nutrient removal from stormwater. I was thankful for the assistance and expertise of Drs Peter May, Greg Moore and Peter Breen throughout the project. While at Burnley I also was given the opportunity to work with the green roof research team and the smart garden watering project.
After completing my PhD at Burnley, I worked for consultant arboricultural firm, Homewood Consulting. The team’s tasks included assessing trees in an area. Trees were measured, tree-health and structure assessed, and the exact location of thousands of trees was digitally mapped. My work mates’ skill in speedily collecting accurate data and managing the software to efficiently report the results in a format suitable for each client was most impressive. I was grateful to learn much from those experiences. The collection of this data enables tree managers to effectively manage their urban forest to deliver community and environmental benefits.
Currently I work for the Department of Transport (formerly Vic Roads) in the Environment Sustainability and Urban Design Team as a green infrastructure specialist. Big roadside landscape projects are now designed and constructed by other delivery authorities. Part of my work involves setting client requirements to ensure that while these teams are designing new road projects full consideration is given to the existing natural landscape ensuring minimal impact and that the landscape and urban design response is of high quality and sensitive to the context. We are also writing guidance to ensure that when completed the landscape can be efficiently and cost effectively managed and maintained. For example, on freeway landscapes we aim to see the designs adequately provide for large vehicle access with sufficient space to safely load and unload broad scale maintenance machinery.
With some small projects our team will take the responsibility of producing landscape and architecture design drawings or reviewing the work of private consultants. As with larger projects the design, establishment and management of successful landscapes in the long term, with minimal maintenance inputs and constrained budgets, is a challenging feature of my work that I enjoy.
Since university days I’ve enjoyed and valued working with many inspiring Burnley graduates in landscape design and management, arboriculture and green roof research. I am grateful for the invitation to return as guest lecturer and meet with current students. It is also exciting to see the current research being undertaken at the University. I really appreciate Burnley for the mentors and life-long friendships it has given me.
Over the years my passion for horticulture has been enhanced through studying best practice in landscape management. I am excited about creating landscapes that are environmentally sustainable and appealing to local communities. As I look around it is heartening to see the development of urban forest movements and the growing community acceptance of the value of trees and their importance in our physical and social environment.
Burnley Graduate Profile No. 3 February 2021: Chris Findlay
Years at Burnley: 2 years as a student. 1988-1990; 2 years as an employee (Grounds Staff). 1998-2000
Course studied: Associate Diploma of Applied Science in Horticulture.
I never liked school, so I found the prospect of studying a tertiary course at the age of 25 daunting. I remember orientation day at Burnley, feeling stressed and overwhelmed, being surrounded by so many kids fresh out of school and wondering what the hell I had got myself into. Then in the Great Hall, Greg Moore in his introduction said something unremarkable but for me unforgettable. He said, “If you love plants you have come to the right place”. I felt like this place would change my life for the better and it did. My two years at Burnley were challenging but magical. To study at Burnley is to study not only in the classroom, but in the fantastic gardens. Like so many ex-Burnley students, my memories of studying there are as if through rose-coloured glasses. Being surrounded by magnificent gardens and people who all had a love of plants seemed positively surreal to me.
I learned so much in the Diploma that has been useful in the environmental contracting industry. Although many people in this industry studied Natural Resource Management, Environmental Science or ecology-based courses, the bottom line is that we work with plants and I think that there is no better place to learn about them than Burnley.
Arboriculture. I was attracted to arboriculture in the first semester when we had a quick introduction to tree climbing. I loved the totally practical nature of the job and it was completely new to me. Although I only worked in the arboriculture industry for a short time, I do not regret studying it at Burnley.
Brunonia australis, the Blue Pincushion Flower. It is a small perennial wildflower found throughout Australia, and my favourite because of its rare colour in the world of flowers, ranging through various shades of sky blue.
I decided to go to Burnley because:
I loved plants but was not sure what sort of career I wanted. The main theme of my horticultural interests has always been ornamental flowering plants, especially of the herbaceous variety. Burnley introduced me to many other aspects of horticulture including arboriculture, and to some influential people who have inspired me in my journey with plants. James Hitchmough was a lecturer at Burnley when I was a student and I heard him speak enthusiastically about grasslands. He returned to Burnley when I worked in the gardens and showed us some of the amazing work he had done sowing wildflower meadows in England. John Delpratt inspired me as a student in an almost subliminal way, to be reinforced when I went back to Burnley to work. I remembered in my student days how he had told stories of disturbed ground in weedy grasslands where indigenous grasses and wildflowers had returned. Years later John was a great help with my work in the indigenous garden, allowing me to use plants left over from his students’ research on grassland wildflowers. His inspiration has surely been the reason for a lot of research into grassland restoration and grassland species at Burnley, and he is a driving force behind many cutting-edge grassland restoration projects. John was also mentor and supervisor for the ground-breaking research done by another Burnley graduate, Dr Paul Gibson-Roy.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have:
After choosing the arboriculture stream in the Diploma at Burnley, I started an arboriculture business with two fellow graduates, but we were hit by the 1990’s recession and went our separate ways. Although I enjoyed the novelty of climbing trees with a chainsaw, it was something I was never very good at and I was soon back on the ground looking after much smaller plants.
In 1998 I scored the job of my lifetime, as a member of the grounds staff in the Burnley Gardens. This where I realised the direction I wanted for my career. When I started working in the gardens at Burnley I was assigned to the maintenance of the herbaceous border, the native and the indigenous gardens. My boss, Phil Tulk, who was the gardens manager at the time was very supportive, but it soon became apparent that the design of the herbaceous boarder was his domain (fair enough), so I turned my attention to another passion of mine, indigenous wildflowers. Over the next two years I did my best to create a stunning display of wildflowers in the indigenous garden. This was one of the most satisfying periods of my horticultural career and I remember weekends, especially in Spring where I just wanted it to be Monday so I could be back at work in the indigenous garden.
I became obsessed with the concept of indigenous wildflower display gardens and started a business called Flora Victoria with Sabine Koolen, a colleague who worked in the Burnley Nursery. Together we developed two flowering grassland gardens for Jason Summers (another Burnley graduate) at Brimbank City Council. My passions now included restoring the natural environment, and for three years Flora Victoria established itself in the environmental contracting industry before Sabine and I decided on a tree change in north eastern Victoria. Before moving I remember taking classes for Michele Adler on native grasses and their establishment, which gave me a taste for my next job as a trainer and assessor at the Goulburn Ovens TAFE, covering subjects in Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management.
My interest in environmental works found me back in Melbourne working for a company called Native Seeds as “Head of Revegetation Operations”, where I carried out direct seeding projects and provided support and advice to native grass seed growers. Working at Native Seeds was a great introduction to the potential of direct seeding for revegetation and ecological restoration. Two years later I started up Flora Victoria again; our first big purchase being a native grass seed harvester, and by about 2012 Flora Victoria had created the largest native grass seed production area in Australia to supply seed for our revegetation projects across the North and West of Melbourne.
Promoting large scale direct seeding to an industry that often talks about it but rarely does it successfully has been a challenge for Flora Victoria, but there has been a small core of clients that have had faith in us and helped to slowly increase its acceptance. One of my goals for Flora Victoria is to re-create the beauty of Victoria’s flowering grasslands and grassy woodlands in public spaces, to inspire and educate people about the natural environment and its links to our cultural heritage. After growing and sowing native grass seed for the past 12 years Flora Victoria is now focusing on indigenous wildflower seed production for our direct seeding projects and for the retail market.
Even after 31 years, I am proud to be a graduate of Burnley Horticultural College, and I am also proud of the ground-breaking research done there in the field of ecological restoration of grassy ecosystems and indigenous seed production. That Burnley has produced both staff and students that have contributed so much to this area alone is a testament to its relevance in areas other than ornamental horticulture.
Burnley Graduate Profile No. 2 January 2021: John Fordham
Years at Burnley:
Well, it would have to be Arboriculture, but the last course introduced me to so much more, as Plant Selection and Establishment also features well, along with Green Walls and Roofs, Sustainable Landscapes, and Plants in the Urban Environment further opened my eyes, to mention a few.
A constantly moving target that one. Do like the Erythrina vespertilio that I gave the seed of to Melbourne City Council. It’s now growing down at the Morrell Bridge, worth a look if you’re down there. They need a little work to remove the bifurcations, however it is the only native species of Erythrina Australia has, the Bat Winged Erythrina. The Mexican Hand Tree or Devils Hand Tree Chiranthodendron pentadactylon should also get a mention. It tends to be trees!
I decided to go to Burnley because:
It was the place where I could learn the most about what I love, and nothing has changed since 1981 when I first stepped onto the campus. It continues to grow and evolve which as gardeners that’s what we are all about.
I first got involved in horticulture in the late 70’s at the then trade school known as Oakleigh Technical School. I did my training essentially at night along with about 15 – 20 others. Many of you will be familiar with Jane Edmanson who was also a student in my class. In those days we had the lecturers Leesa Abbinger, Kevin Heinze, Alan Gardener, and Lex Hodge to name just a few. During this period, I was working for the Shire of Eltham, and my boss at the time was Bob Grant a great guy who had spent 9 years working for Ellis Stones. So, the Shire of Eltham was in good hands with his stewardship. He taught me how to lay rocks the Ellis Stones way. Of course, being in that part of the world you got to know Peter and Cecile Glass, Gordon and Gwen Ford, Alister Knox and out at Kangaroo Ground Neil Douglas. All were some sort of influence along with Bill Molyneux and Sue Forrester at what was then the nursery Austraflora in Montrose.
Concurrently with my trade certificate was a course running at Burnley in 1981: a Certificate of Landscape Design. Geoff Sanderson, who had a practise Gerner Sanderson Faggeter and Cheeseman was running it. It was an insight to aspects of design that helped further galvanise my love for what I was doing.
Later in about 1983 I left the Shire of Eltham to and take on the Diploma of Horticulture as it was known in those days at Burnley. That year I failed to “cut the mustard” as they say and went to be a gardener at The University of Melbourne. Perhaps it was the fact that I may have been a little young for the commitment required but I learnt a thing or two about commitment that I think has stood me in good stead ever since.
After a couple of years having worked under another great horticulturalist in Ron Lycette at the University of Melbourne, I came back to Burnley to take on the Advanced Certificate of Arboriculture. The likes of Phil Kenyon and then Mr Greg Moore in those days Peter May and others were to also have a profound influence, and still do!
I can’t recall when I started the course but it must have been about 1987 or there abouts as we were the first intake for the course I believe as I graduated in 1990. It was during this time that I started to really get to know the Burnley Gardens whilst enjoying the interaction with the lecturers.
Never satisfied with a thirst for knowledge I once again took on the Diploma of (then) Applied Science, and completed that in 2004. Most enjoyable, taking the commitment to yet another level along with the knowledge that comes with it.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have: (Almost) never left! In summary:
a) The University of Melbourne gardening days. Working at The University of California Berkeley botanical gardens for a couple of weeks in 1985.
b) The National Trust Register of Significant Trees
c) Working for the Mint Inc (now called Working Heritage) under Dr Jan Penney, renovations to the Old Mint Building, Carome the first flour Mill in Mernda, Farm Vigano Mietta O’Donnells grand parents’ property that used to supply fruit and vegetable to the restaurant trade from back in the 40’s.
By 1991 I believe I had my own practice in horticultural consultancy and tree reports, having joined the National Trust’s Register of Significant Trees in about 1993 after leaving Melbourne University Gardens Department. It was an absolute joy, and I believe I was the last funded project officer for the register and being so involved with Burnley at this time was such a great combination. I recall Jill Kellow at one point saying “I want your job”! It took me to private properties all around the state seeing the finest trees the state had to offer, and meeting some interesting folk along the way.
Moving along to 2010 and another course was in the offing. This time it was a Graduate Certificate in Garden Design with Andrew Laidlaw at the helm. A great bunch of folk were doing the course from all different walks of life, with some like Emma Laurie having a horticultural background. It was great getting to know Andrew Laidlaw and occasionally we catch up. Having graduated in 2011 the offer from the University was that we will credit you with 4 subjects having done the Graduate Certificate towards a Master Degree. I took this up in 2011 with as much gusto as I could summon!
It was during this time my association started with Friends of Burnley Gardens, becoming their President, a time I very much enjoyed. This was curtailed in about February 2014 when my wife was diagnosed with GBM, a form of brain cancer.
It was always hard when working for oneself and studying at the same time, however I seemed to be getting by and enjoying it. Put my toe in the water with Anne Vale’s Garden History subject. 2012 saw me continuing until my wife became ill in 2014. After my wife had died was a short time in the wilderness but I realised that I must continue to finish this course so in 2017 it was a case of “getting back on the horse”
Finally my graduation in 2019 saw what I believe is the end of any academic pursuits. It is however the enquiring mind that is never satisfied, and as many of us know, horticulture is the most wonderful engaging drug if you like, and “being satisfied” but being satisfied is something that I can never be satisfied with! I would have to say (and nothing has changed) that all the lecturers I have encountered have been most engaging and professional in their approach to both the subject matter and students alike. Burnley is constantly getting better and better all the time.
The fire in the belly is still there in our changing climatic world as it is “change” that is such a great driver to meet. There is probably so much more ……
It has been a wonderful ride at Burnley and it continues………………John Fordham
Burnley Graduate Profile No. 1 November 2020: Andrew Smith
Years at Burnley:
Diploma in Applied Science
Plant Materials/Ornamental Plants
That’s like asking, who is your favourite child! Favourite Genus would be Grevillea, favourite plant if pushed would be Wahlenbergia capillaris, as it flowers for 9 months of the year and just needs an annual cut down to the ground, cant get better value than that!
I decided to go to Burnley because:
It was one of the two (the other being Ryde in Sydney) best horticultural institutions in Australia and since my fiancé got a job in Melbourne, Burnley was the logical choice.
Since I graduated from Burnley I have:
never left! I completed 3 courses at Burnley, the Horticultural certificate, closely followed by the Advanced Certificate (completed in 1989) and then it took me a further 9 years to complete the Associate Diploma (graduating in 2000), as I was doing it part time while working as a Gardener (under Gardens Manager, Phil Tulk) at Burnley.
When Phil left in January 2001, the other full time Gardener (Tricia Mooney) and I job shared the Acting Garden Manager role, until Tricia left at the end of 2001, when I took on the responsibility.
The early part of the 2000s at Burnley were quite challenging, due to the combination of drought water restrictions and a stale-mate on the funding and staffing responsibility of the Gardens between the School/Campus and the University Property and Campus Services department, which resulted in the Gardens looking their worst in living memory. The annual $16,000 operational budget of the Gardens in the early 2000s and restriction of less than two FTE gardener positions by the School/Campus forced me to rely on the Friends of Burnley Gardens for volunteer labour and funding of capital replacement for the Gardens. Basic items like upgrading of irrigation controllers and replacing of fallen down pergolas were denied funding by the School/Campus, thankfully the Friends stepped up and agreed to fund them.